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警察是外国留学生安全的关键

 

摘自《悉尼早报》
翻译:爱德留学移民 王玄
 
国际教育部门的一篇评论文章说,国家警察的其中一项职责是保护在澳大利亚学习的海外留学生的安全。
 
这篇评论文章的首要作者是前自由党议员Bruce Baird。在其昨天发布的中期报告里,Baird先生为澳大利亚各政府委员会确定了学生安全和其他应引起关注的领域。
 
在这之前,《悉尼早报》报道了一系列针对印度学生的种族暴力伤亡事件、不法私营学校提供不实证书、滥用签证以及教育机构倒闭的事件。
 
Baird先生说,所诉称的种族主义攻击已经给经济价值达一百六十六亿的国际留学产业的声誉造成了很大损害,这要求国家警察负起他们的责任。
 
他认为,警察需要就印度学生和其他国家的学生受害情况以及破案率着手收集切实数据。目前,新南威尔士州和维多利亚州的警察没有对识别犯罪受害人的种族和国籍做出硬性规定。
 
他还说:“我们要证明澳大利亚政府非常重视国际学生的安全…..行凶者会被绳之以法并被惩处。”
 
今年八月份澳洲教育部长Julia Gillard任命Mr Baird来收拾这个冲突四起的局面。他被授命负责修改《海外学生教育服务法(2000)》,而且根据一个宽泛的纲要,来审查一系列的问题,诸如学生人身安全,签证诈骗,学生的健康和福利,住宿短缺以及无权获得公共交通补助等。
 
Baird先生举行了数次有来自高等学府,英语语言学校和学校部门的将近200个学生和教育工作者参与的讨论会。
 
他还会见了教育机构和学生的重要团体,立法者,州和领地政府官员以及重要国家的领事馆。
 
Baird在其中期报告里建议以更完善的消费者保护,更有力度和简单明了的法规来保护留学产业的声誉。
 
这些重要的建议包括:对国际教育机构更严格的审查、给学生更详尽的信息以及与调查学生抗议的官员的会面。
 
根据经营教育和培训机构的个人必须公布其详细的经济状况和诚信证明的相关法律,他的报告建议教育机构经营者将必须通过一项“适当人选”测试才能从业。
 
Baird先生说:“我认为有必要对进入这个行业的企业提高要求。”
“西澳是目前唯一一个对教育经营者的财政和诚信状况进行的审查的州。应该有外部会计审核人员对教育机构的账目进行审核,我们则主要关注其教学记录。”
“我们应该知道这些人是否有前科,他们的企业是在发展还是已被破产监管以及他们与教育和移民代理机构的关系。”
 
Gillard女士昨天表示接受该报告并感谢Baird先生迄今所做的工作。但她拒绝在最终报告做出之前做出任何评论。
 
Police key to foreign student safety
December 4, 2009
 
A NATIONAL police response is required to protect overseas students studying in Australia, areview of the international education sector says.
The review head, former Liberal MP Bruce Baird, identified student safety and many other areas of concern for the Council of Australian Governments in his interim report released yesterday.
 
It comes after a series of stories in the Herald detailing claims of racist violence against Indian students, shonky private colleges providing dubious diplomas, visa abuses and the collapse of educational institutions.
 
Mr Baird said a national police response was required after the $16.6 billion international student industry suffered enormous damage to its reputation from the allegedly racist attacks.
 
He said police needed to begin collecting reliable data on the victimisation of Indian students and other nationalities and the clean-up rate of these crimes. At present NSW and Victorian police have no mandatory requirement to identify the race or nationality of crime victims.
 
''We need to demonstrate that the safety of international students is being taken seriously by Australia … and that the offenders are being caught and punished,'' he said.
 
In August the Minister for Education, Julia Gillard, appointed Mr Baird to rescue the strife-torn industry. He was charged with overhauling the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, but was given a wide brief to examine issues such as student safety, visa rorting, the health and well-being of students, accommodation shortages and a lack of access to public transport subsidies.
 
Mr Baird held forums with almost 200 students and providers, from the tertiary, English language colleges and schools sectors.
 
He has also met provider and student peak bodies, regulators, state and territory governmentofficials, and key embassies.
 
In his interim report, Mr Baird suggested greater consumer protection and stronger, simpler regulation was needed to protect the industry's reputation.
 
Tougher scrutiny of international education providers, giving students' access to better information and the appointment of an ombudsman to handle student complaints were among key suggestions.
 
Education entrepreneurs will have to pass a ''fit and proper person'' test to operate in theindustry, the report recommends, with laws requiring individuals running education and training institutions to disclose full financial credentials and bona fides.
 
''I regard as essential that there are tougher entry requirements for entering this business,'' Mr Baird said.
 
''At present Western Australia is the only state [that reviews] operators' finances and credentials. There should be external accounting assessors poring over their books, we should l
look at their track record for teaching students.
 
''We should know whether these people have prior convictions, their business wound up or placed in receivership and their linkages with education and migration agents.''
Ms Gillard said yesterday she welcomed the interim report and thanked Mr Baird for his work to date. She declined to comment until after the final report was handed down.
 

http://www.smh.com.au/national/police-key-to-foreign-student-safety-20091203-k8uu.html